The individual try sexed into offered segments, head legs and you may pelvic morphology

The individual try sexed into offered segments, head legs and you may pelvic morphology

The body was disposed whole-body in the east-west profile between grids A and B, at a depth of 1.30 m. Similarly, age was estimated from cranial and postcranial skeletal metamorphosis and dental wear . Height was estimated from skeletal measurements (heel to vertex) in situ. Individual 3+ is a juvenile or young adult, 17 to 25 years old, female, and measures approximately 149 cm. There are traces of red dye on the skull and forearms. Among the items found that accompanied or contained the body are a ceramic vessel, 11 freshwater mollusk shells, and over 500 fragments of plant material.

Plant material.

In the deepness ranging from step one.29 and you may 0.98 meters, solely simply for cities underneath (23%) and you will forming an edge lateral on system (77%), at the least 578 fragments regarding plant matter (wood) were filed, delivering a great macroscopic particular black and you can brownish cubes. The fresh models of fragments was classified toward Quick, anywhere between 1 and you may step 3 cm (341 fragments), Medium-Quick 3 to 6 cm (89 fragments), Average, 6 to ten cm (61 fragments), Higher, ten to twelve cm (34 fragments), and incredibly Large, higher than a dozen cm (53 fragments), the latter focused for the distal groups.

A sample regarding 20 fragments away from timber various designs and you can away from more circles are chosen and you may sent having character on the Laboratorio de Dendroescrerologia y Catedra de- Anatomia Vegetal del AUSMA, Universidad Nacional de Comahue, Argentina. The brand new wood is actually observed not as much as an enthusiastic optical microscope that have event white from the three symptomatic sections: get across (Fig 4A; S2 Fig), radial longitudinal otherwise axial (Fig 4B; S3 Fig) and tangential longitudinal otherwise axial (Fig 4C; S4 Fig). It absolutely was ended regarding observations your timber originated from an excellent Gymnosperm (demonstrably tracheid wood). About radial point, round otherwise egg-shaped tracheids that have uniseriate pits was basically seen (Fig 4B), appearing that wood try away from Austrocedrus chilensis “Chilean cedar”. One of many characteristics of one’s shot, it was listed you to definitely 30% of the Highest and very Large specimens, i.elizabeth. the individuals large enough having low variations to get observed, introduce temperatures modification entirely towards deal with depending to your human body, or internal face in the example of a bin. In spite of the fragmentation of your own shot, the fresh structural characteristics of fragments suggest that they are removed from tree, and you may projection of your bases of the progress groups suggests good unmarried trunk out of diameter larger than 0.70 m (Fig 4A).

Malacological aspects.

You was followed by regulators of your freshwater mollusc Diplodon chilensis, some of which try semi-over and you may lie less than as well as in head exposure to bones particularly because humerus and femur. The fresh shells save a degree of integrity and fragments off periostracum exist, where it’s inferred which they was in fact placed on the fresh root of the solid wood container up until the system is actually laid when you look at the they. About three semi-complete specimens establish yellow nutrient colorants on their exterior facial skin. So it types of mollusc can be found just three hundred m out on the the new coastlines out of Lacar River. Regulators in the species are recorded inside the funerary and residential contexts inside websites with the both slopes of Andes [18, 19].


Beside the body, to the left of the cranium and on the same vertical level, a pottery vessel was deposited ; it is a bottle or jug with a spherical body and a formatted or flat base, cylindrical neck, and mouth with signs of a pouring-lip. It has a handle consisting of a vertical strip fixed between the body and the rim, opposite the lip. It was fired with oxidation; the clay is compact and schist-like, red in colour with quartz inclusions (Fig 5). It has a white glaze and geometric patterns in red paint on several distinct panels on the body and neck. The motifs are: parallel lines dividing the body and neck into horizontal segments; reticulated figures round the neck; and vertical parallel bands distributed round the body where triangular figures composed of lines alternate with clepsydras or triangles joined by their vertex. This piece forms a typological or singular group (bottle or jug with narrow mouth and pouring-lip), previously unknown at least among the morphological and technical variants of the El Vergel pottery complex ; it is part of the (pre-Hispanic) Red on White Bichrome tradition, of the Late Pottery period in the regional ceramics sequence . Given the chronology of this piece, it is one of the earliest records of use as a funerary item. Like other features, its tilted position and height, close to the face of Individual 3+, suggest that the wooden container was concave in shape and of restricted size, and that the base in this part was elevated.


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